Journal of Mechanical Design
Volume 115, Number 1 (March 1993), Pages 14-19.
In the design and manufacture of mechanical devices,
there are parameters whose values are determined by
the manufacturing process in response to errors introduced
in the device's manufacture or operating environment.
Such parameters are termed
tuning parameters, and are distinct from
design parameters which the designer selects values for
as a part of the design process.
This paper introduces tuning parameters
into the design methods of:
optimization, Taguchi's method,
and the method of imprecision.
The details of the mathematical formulation, along
with a design example, are presented and discussed.
Including tuning parameters in the design process
can result in designs that are more tolerant of variational